How To Choose A Diamond

With such a lot of diamonds to pick from,
diamond 4c      finding the one that is proper for you could sense overwhelming, specially when in comparison to a jewelry save wherein desire is tons greater confined. Consider the subsequent step-by means of-step guide for choosing a diamond. Everyone’s diamond search is particular, however you may discover this to be a helpful place to begin.

For specific steerage on shopping rings, go to our Diamond Stud Earring Guide.

Step-by way of-Step Guide: How to Choose a Diamond
First, discover the diamond shape preferred by the recipient. If you do now not understand and can not discover, don’t forget spherical or princess reduce.
Set a carat weight minimal primarily based at the recipient’s preferences. If they’ve their coronary heart set on a one carat diamond, even the maximum lovely half of carat stone can be a disappointment.
Start with the highest pleasant diamond of the form and carat weight minimum you diagnosed in steps 1 and a couple of, and begin making concessions inside the following order till you arrive at a diamond that suits your price range:
First, decrease the Clarity. See clarity shopping for recommendations (under) for greater guidance. Go as little as VS2 before making concessions in different areas.
Next, lower the Color. See shade shopping for guidelines (below) for greater steering. Go as low as H earlier than making concessions in different regions.
Finally, decrease the Cut. See cut shopping for guidelines (underneath) for extra steering. Go as little as Very Good in round diamonds, and Good in fancy shapes before making concessions in different regions.
If the diamonds that healthy your revised standards are near your finances, don’t forget shaving off a few carat weight in an effort to close the gap. A carat weight difference of 10% or less can be very hard to discover visually.
If after following the stairs above, you are still outside your price range, repeat the system with new thresholds:
First, similarly lessen Clarity. Go as little as SI1.
Next, lessen Color. Go as low as J. If the diamond will be set in yellow gold, you may accurately drop to K.
Finally, lessen the Cut. Go as low as Good in round diamonds, and Fair in fancy shapes.
At this point, in case you are nevertheless outside your price range, your next step will depend upon your man or woman alternatives and wishes.
If the diamond you are trying to find is under one carat, you could remember a drop to SI2 clarity.
If the diamond is both a superb reduce and below 1.50 carats, an L-M colour may be flawlessly acceptable while set in yellow gold.
If length is the number one consideration, you could remember a Fair cut spherical or fancy shape.
If you are still properly outdoor your budget, you could need to recall increasing your price range or decreasing your minimal carat weight target.
Other options that are to be had to you:
Email CustomerService@LumeraDiamonds.Com, or name 1-866-4LUMERA to talk to a diamond consultant.
Request a diamond fee quote, telling us exactly what you’re searching out. We will reply with options that great suit your criteria.
More Diamond Buying Advice
Following is a recap of buying hints determined at some stage in the Lumera Diamond Education Guide. Use these guidelines alone, or at the side of the step-by using-step manual above.

Shape Buying Tips
Most individuals who receive diamonds as a gift or for an engagement have a form choice. While other elements (including rate and nice) need to be determined with the aid of the purchaser, the selection of shape have to encompass enter from the receiver of the diamond, if at all viable. This is in particular actual for fancy shape engagement diamonds.

Unless a selected choice has been expressed, bear in mind a round diamond. Round diamonds have a tendency to have more brilliance and scintillation than other shapes, they accommodate nearly any ring setting, and in no way exit of fashion.

Length to width ratio has a chief impact at the shape of a fancy diamond. Every Lumera Diamond is shown in its correct length to width ratio so that you can without difficulty see the difference among diamonds of the equal form (e.G. A slim vs. A fats marquise, or a square vs. A rectangular princess cut). If you aren’t sure about your possibilities, search for a form you like, and then view diamonds of numerous period to width ratios within that form till you find what you want. Then, focus your seek on diamonds which might be inside kind of 10% of your best length to width ratio (e.G. If making a decision that your best radiant reduce diamond has a 1.50 L/W ratio, recognition your seek on radiants between 1.35 and 1.Sixty five).

Visit the Lumera Diamond Education Guide to learn more approximately Shape.


Carat Weight Buying Tips
Look for diamonds that fall simply beneath famous carat weights inclusive of half of ct. 3/four ct., 1 ct., and so on. Because those diamonds fall simply shy of the popular weight, they’re regularly bought at a mild discount compared to diamonds of complete weight. For example, a .Ninety carat diamond will usually cost less on a rate-in step with-carat foundation than a full 1.00 carat diamond. Visually, they’re hard to distinguish. In reality, a smaller carat weight diamond may additionally have a diameter equal to that of a heavier diamond, making it seem the same size whilst regarded from above.

Receivers of diamond engagement jewelry tend to have the strongest possibilities when it comes to form and carat weight. Each Lumera Diamond is proven as it’d seem in a ring in addition to real length, to let you correctly gauge the scale of the diamond you’re viewing.

The maximum famous carat weights for engagement diamonds are between one and carats. If a diamond under .Seventy five carats is a finances necessity, don’t forget a marquise cut, which seems large than other shapes of same carat weight, because of its elongated cut.

Visit the Lumera Diamond Education Guide to learn more approximately Carat Weight.


Cut Buying Tips
Unlike the other “Cs” (Carat Weight, Color, and Clarity), the numerous Cut grades in existence these days were not originated through GIA. Even although outlets use commonplace phrases to describe Cut (inclusive of Excellent, Very Good, Fair, Poor) the phrases are not uniformly described or implemented. In truth, a diamond seller can also assign any reduce grade they pick, primarily based on any set of things they desire. One store will use terms inclusive of “Signature Ideal”, “Ideal”, and “Excellent”; whilst some other uses “Ideal” to describe all three, and another uses “Excellent” for all. Be cautious whilst evaluating reduce grades from special shops, as they are maximum probably inconsistent.

Also, be aware of diamond dealers who assign their personal reduce grades in region of what GIA has already assigned to a particular diamond. Many famous websites and retail shops show their personal, extra generous Cut rating in area of the GIA grade.

To keep away from confusion or misrepresentation of any diamond, Lumera uses the identical reduce grades as employed through GIA, and does not interact in “cut inflation” by using growing other grades (“signature”, “terrific best”, and so forth.).

Cut grade is the maximum critical issue in determining the general appearance of a diamond because a poorly reduce diamond will appear dull regardless of first rate clarity and color. Conversely, a properly reduce diamond may have a slightly lower colour (G-H) or readability (SI1-SI2) and nonetheless appearance pretty stunning, because of its superior potential to create sparkle and brilliance.

For superior brilliance, choose a diamond with a Cut grade of Very Good or Excellent for round diamonds, and Good or higher in fancy form diamonds. When choosing a diamond in this range, make certain its symmetry and varnish are Very Good or Excellent, so that the effect of the above average Cut isn’t obscured.

For the ones on a price range, primarily concerned with length, a diamond of Fair – Good cut may be a suitable desire, specifically in fancy shapes. While the diamond will lack the scintillation and brilliance of a nicely reduce diamond, it will allow a sizable growth in length for the identical charge.

Avoid Poor cut diamonds, despite the fact that size is the number one difficulty. Most locate those diamonds to be an unacceptable change off, in spite of the decrease price. Lumera does now not provide Poor cut diamonds.

Because Cut grade affords a unmarried score which incorporates a variety of things (together with polish, symmetry, table %, depth %, culet size, girdle width, and so on), it is a simple yet important tool in comparing a diamond. A commonplace mistake is to evaluate those person factors instead of depending broadly speaking on the Cut grade, which already takes them under consideration. Only while comparing two diamonds of same Cut grade have to the person additives of Cut be taken into consideration as further refinements in your search. That stated, some popular tips for these individual elements are:

Any culet length of Medium or smaller may be invisible to the naked eye, and have no terrible effect on a diamond’s look.

An Extremely Thin girdle is extra vulnerable to chipping, and for that reason should be averted for diamonds which can be to be set in a ring. Earrings or pendants are much less uncovered to hard touch and so are less liable to chipping around the girdle. Avoid even Very Thin girdles in Princess Cut diamonds, as this shape already has sharp corners more vulnerable to chipping. If you do purchase a Princess Cut diamond with a Very Thin girdle, remember setting it in a fashion that covers and protects the corners.

For diamonds with a polish grade of Excellent to Good, any sprucing defects are not visible to the naked eye, and have to haven’t any effect at the diamond’s average appearance.

For diamonds with readability grades of I1 or decrease, even a polish grade of Fair is appropriate, due to the fact that these diamonds already possess internal inclusions which can be seen to the naked eye, making any polish markings much less applicable.

For diamonds much less than .75 carats, any polish grade of Fair or higher will now not have an effect on the appearance of the diamond to an untrained observer.

Poor is the most effective polish grade that ought to be avoided no matter the size or clarity of the diamond. For this cause, Lumera does now not convey diamonds with a polish grade of Poor.

For diamonds with a symmetry grade of Excellent to Good, symmetry ought to not be used as a primary element in choosing a diamond,

seeing that each of these grades is viable in diamonds of exquisite look.
Symmetry is extra critical in diamonds of VVS2 Clarity and better, for the reason that very diffused defects produced by way of Fair or Poor symmetry (which could resemble pinpoint inclusions), would compromise the diamond’s otherwise faultless appearance.

Despite its modest effect on look, symmetry has a sizable impact on rate; a diamond with Excellent Symmetry and Polish may be priced 10%-15% higher than a diamond with Good Symmetry and Polish. This top rate has more to do with patron’s perceived price of “exceptional” grades, than the real have an effect on on a diamond’s appearance.

Because diamonds with Poor symmetry have defects seen to the bare eye, these diamonds ought to be avoided in all instances. For this reason, Lumera does not carry diamonds with a symmetry grade of Poor.

Visit the Lumera Diamond Education Guide to analyze greater approximately Cut.


Color Buying Tips
The big majority of untrained observers (and many gemologists) can’t distinguish a color grade from the one just above or below except the diamonds are in comparison side with the aid of side in a controlled environment. Even while aspect-by means of-side, adjustments in shade are difficult to detect in I shade and better diamonds.

Color will become much tougher to detect once a diamond is set in a ring and positioned in an environment that consists of coloration (rather than the all white historical past used in coloration grading). For instance, an H coloration diamond can also appearance as colorless as a D while set in a hoop beneath normal lights situations, specifically if the two are not compared facet by side.

For the first-rate price in what would seem to the naked eye as a colorless diamond, search for G-J diamonds. Because color is less complicated to come across in larger diamonds (just as a big carafe of white wine suggests more colour than a small glass), opt for G-H in diamonds over 1 carat, and I-J for the ones under 1 carat. Once set in a ring, those diamonds will appearance just like higher color grade diamonds. Instead of making an investment in better color, put money into higher cut, the most crucial element in a diamond’s brilliance.

Because diamonds with extra aspects mirror extra mild, they tend to hide shade higher than different shapes. So, take into account spherical, princess or different changed incredible cuts over step cuts which include emerald or asscher if you are concerned approximately color.

If you’re worried by and large approximately carat weight, and are on a decent finances, take into account a yellow gold placing and a awesome cut diamond within the K-L color range. The yellow gold will complement the faint body shade of the diamond.

If, even as purchasing for a diamond, you are ever given a color range (e.G. G-H) in preference to a particular grade, the diamond is not licensed through GIA. The dealer is most effective estimating the diamond’s color the usage of GIA terminology.

Colorless (D-F) fluorescent diamonds promote at a 5-15% bargain to non-fluorescent diamonds for the reason that fluorescence is perceived as a illness. In truth, the visible consequences of faint to medium fluorescence are perceptible best to a gemologist the usage of a special UV light source.

Because the fluorescent glow is usually blue (that’s the complementary color to yellow) fluorescence can make diamonds of I-M colour seem up to 1 grade whiter. For this reason, I-M diamonds have a tendency to promote at a mild top class when they own Medium to Very Strong fluorescence.

Overall, fluorescence ought to now not be a first-rate aspect inside the diamond buy considering the fact that its results on look are negligible, if not barely positive. The exception could be to workout caution in purchasing a diamond with robust or very robust fluorescence in D-H colour diamonds (which do now not own enough yellow shade to offset the blue fluorescence).

Visit the Lumera Diamond Education Guide to study more approximately Color.


Clarity Buying Tips
If you can’t tolerate imperfections, even the ones you cannot see, select a VVS2 or higher diamond. About 10% of all diamonds offered fall into this class.

The maximum famous range is the VS1-VS2 diamond. These diamonds seem faultless to the naked eye, and are a fragment of the rate of a truly faultless diamond. Almost half of of all diamonds purchased fall into this range.

The next maximum famous variety is SI1, wherein the inclusions are typically not substantial enough to impact the arrival of the diamond for the informal observer. Often, customers will opt for this clarity variety in exchange for a better cut or color grade. This combination regularly consequences in a beautiful, lively diamond with imperfections detectable only upon near inspection. In diamonds under 1 carat, the same can be said for an SI2 grade. In diamonds over 1 carat (where clarity is extra vital, and SI2 inclusions are often less complicated to hit upon), an SI2 is regularly half of the price of a VS1 diamond. About one 0.33 of diamonds offered fall into the SI1-SI2 variety.

The large the diamond, the simpler imperfections are to come across; therefore Clarity becomes greater critical. For diamonds over 2 carats, a readability grade of VS2 or better is the most secure bet for averting any signs and symptoms of visible inclusions. In diamonds among 1 and a pair of carats, readability grades of SI1 or better will not have inclusions effortlessly seen to the bare eye. In diamonds below 1 carat, clarity need to be considered the least vital of the traditional four Cs.

Brilliant-reduce diamonds (inclusive of round, princess, cushion, oval, pear, and marquise) hide inclusions higher than step cuts (emerald, asscher). When purchasing a step-cut, pass up one clarity grade (e.G. Buy a VS2 rather than an SI1 if you desire the lowest grade that has no visible inclusions).

If, at the same time as searching for a diamond, you’re ever given a clarity range (e.G. SI1-SI2) as opposed to a specific grade, the diamond isn’t always licensed by GIA. The vendor is most effective estimating the diamond’s readability the usage of GIA terminology.

Visit the Lumera Diamond Education Guide to analyze extra about Clarity.


Certification Buying Tips
All Labs aren’t created identical, and their judgments aren’t held to any objective wellknown. Unfortunately, some labs have succumbed to strain from retailers to decrease their requirements, thereby permitting lower first-rate diamonds to be presented with better ratings, increasing their fee within the market. Before counting on any certificates, make certain you are cozy with the reputation and expertise of its creator.

While Lumera chooses to provide most effective GIA certified diamonds (except for our diamond stud jewelry), other labs which have a robust recognition inside the marketplace encompass AGS (American Gem Society) and HRD (greater commonplace in Europe than the U.S). Diamonds with certification from labs inclusive of IGI and EGL have a tendency to promote at a small cut price, seeing that these labs are regarded for secure grading standards (as an instance, a diamond graded G in colour by EGL may also simplest be graded H by GIA).

Use warning while comparing the fee of diamonds graded through exclusive labs; what in the beginning seems like a bargain might also only be the result of extra comfortable grading.

Only buy diamonds that have been licensed with the aid of a good lab. Do no longer be given certifications created by shops, even supposing they claim to be GIA trained.

Keep your certificate in a secure location. It gives priceless security within the case of loss (assisting to set up the exceptional and length of diamond required for equitable alternative), change, or resale. Whenever the diamond have to depart your possession (as an instance, to be cleaned), usually allow the birthday party taking possession know you have got a certificate. Knowing you could undoubtedly identify your diamond eliminates any temptation on the a part of the third party to dedicate fraud (which includes switching the diamond for one in all decrease best).

A copy of your uniquely numbered GIA certificates is kept completely on record with the GIA, and can be changed at anytime if misplaced or destroyed.

Visit the Lumera Diamond Education Guide to examine extra about Certification.


Next: Avoiding not unusual mistakes when shopping for a diamond

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